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Our gums act as an essential barrier that protects our teeth and surrounding tissues in the mouth. Our daily dental hygiene impacts gum health to a great extent. Many types of gum problems can give you a hard time.
You’ll be surprised if we tell you that –
Gum disease is the primary cause of tooth loss in adults.
The main culprit of all gum problems is plaque buildup, which forms toxins responsible for the inflammation of gum tissue. Thus, it is essential to know about the various types of gum problems, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options to keep gums healthy.
Healthy Gums = Healthy Teeth
- 1 Common Types Of Gum Problems
- 2 Causes Of Gum Diseases
- 3 Symptoms Of Gum Problems
- 4 Risk Factors For All Types Of Gum Problems
- 5 Treatment For Gum Problems
- 6 Home Remedies Of All Types Of Gum Problems
Common Types Of Gum Problems
There are a group of gum problems that are broadly termed under gum diseases. Let’s discuss the common types of gum problems, its signs and symptoms, causes, and more in the below sections.
Gingivitis is the most common type of gum problems found in over 50% of the world population. It is defined as the inflammation of the gums. The signs of gingivitis include toothache, swollen gums, gum bleeding, and redness of the gums.
How to know whether you have healthy gums or inflamed gums?
Healthy gums are –
- Coral-pink in color
- Do not bleed on external stimulation (brushing)
Periodontal disease or periodontitis is the second most common type of gum problem. It is generally known as gum disease. Gingivitis, when left untreated, can lead to periodontitis. The signs and symptoms of periodontitis are same as that of gingivitis, except it is advanced to the gum tissue and jawbone loss with a bacterial infection. This condition is irreversible and is the primary cause of tooth loss in adults.
Common forms of periodontitis include –
- Aggressive periodontitis
- Chronic periodontitis
- Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic diseases
- Necrotizing periodontal disease
This is a gum problem where the gum line pulls away from its attachment, and the root of the tooth becomes exposed. These teeth become sensitive to temperature and result in tooth decay. You may require cosmetic surgery or dental implants to correct such types of gum problems.
Gum recession can be caused due to –
- Periodontitis with jawbone loss
- Chewing tobacco
- Hereditary weak gums
- Teeth grinding
- Brushing aggressively
Gum abscess or periodontal abscess presents as a blister or a bump containing pus. It is usually caused by a bacterial infection in the space between the gum and the tooth. It is a condition that complicates in swelling and tooth pain. The common symptoms of gum abscess are fever, pain, and bad breath. The abscess must be drained to avoid further gum and dental damage. The doctor might prescribe antibiotics with or without a root canal treatment. In severe cases, the infected tooth needs to be pulled out.
Oral cancer is a rare form of gum disorder that occurs in all the soft tissues of the mouth. The common symptoms of mouth or oral cancer are swelling, bumps, rough spots, eroded areas in the mouth. You may see white, red, or speckled patches in the mouth that do not heal. Unexplained gum or tissue bleeding can be observed.
Causes Of Gum Diseases
- Plaque – A thick film or tartar and germ that form on the gums and teeth can cause gum problems. This is a reversible condition that can be removed by healthy dental habits. Brushing twice daily, flossing and rinsing mouth removes plaque.
- Smoking – This habit affects the normal function of gum tissue and makes your mouth susceptible to a host of bacterial and fungal infections.
- Family history – Periodontitis can be hereditary, increasing your risk to develop gum infections.
- Hormonal shifts – Hormonal changes in the body, during pregnancy or periods, make gums vulnerable to any types of gum problems. Give extra care to oral hygiene while you’re expecting.
- Medications – Drugs may have side effects which decrease saliva production in the mouth. Dryness of the mouth can be a concern for your gums. Discuss this with your doctor.
- Nutritional deficiencies – Get your daily dose of vitamins, especially vitamin C. Vitamin deficiency can be harmful to gums.
- Crooked teeth – Misalignments of teeth give room to bacteria and plaque buildup. So take extra dental care to maintain healthy gums.
- Illness – HIV or cancer weakens the immune system. This may expose your gums to infections.
Symptoms Of Gum Problems
Keep a keen eye towards the following signs and symptoms of different types of gum problems.
- Red, swollen or inflamed gums
- Easily bleeding gums after stimulation
- Bright red, or sometimes purple colored gums
- Painful gums and teeth
- Receding gum line
- Pus in between the teeth
- Bad breath or halitosis
- Metallic taste in the mouth
- Loose teeth
- Extra spaces between the teeth
- Pus in between the teeth and gums
Risk Factors For All Types Of Gum Problems
The following risk factors are directly linked to unhealthy gums and gum diseases.
- Poor dental hygiene practices
- Dental devices like braces
Treatment For Gum Problems
Your dentist will suggest many dental procedures and surgeries to treat gum problems. Here are a few options that you may have to consider:
- Dental cleaning
- Scaling and root planing
- Medications like antimicrobials, mouthwashes, etc.
- Gum surgeries such as gingivectomy, connective tissue graft, and pocket reduction.
- Gum grafting
Home Remedies Of All Types Of Gum Problems
Some of your kitchen ingredients can come to help to get rid of different types of gum problems. Check them out below.
This delicious fruit can help thwart gum disease. Drink unsweetened cranberry juice daily. Cranberry contains anthocyanins and phenolic acids that have anti-bacterial properties which help to keep your gums healthy.
Oil pulling is an ancient dental cleaning technique that involves swishing a tablespoon of oil in your mouth on an empty stomach for about 10-15 minutes. You may use coconut oil or sesame oil.
Give yourself a gum massage to get rid of gum pain, increase blood flow to your gums, and ensure quick healing.
Tea Tree Oil
The anti-inflammatory properties of tea tree oil will treat inflamed gums. Add a few drops of tea tree oil to your toothpaste to do the trick.
Sea salt reduces inflammation and relieves tooth pain. Use a sea salt mouth rinse daily to keep gum infections at bay.
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She is pharmacist by education and working in field of medical content development for more than 8 years. She has execllent hold on medical content research and development and has produce valuable data for various pharmaceutical companies.